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The Social Origins of the Nonprofit Sector: Past, Present and Future Essay

Custom Student Mr. Teacher ENG 1001-04 3 May 2018

The Social Origins of the Nonprofit Sector: Past, Present and Future

The social origins theory gave the advanced understanding of the cross-national differences in the non-profit sector. The approach, however, shows that the historical events had a strong effect on the present-day character and size of country’s nonprofit sector and their relationship with the state. The theory has never been tested with historical data and however focuses on western Europe and North America. The theory fails to account for all the relevant historical influences where it ignores the effect of religion. The social theories, however, are used to study and interpret social phenomenon. Specific social theories attempt to be scientific, objective and even descriptive. The paper discusses the models of the social origins theory and gives diverse information to each of the models.

The models of social origin theory
Social origins of the nonprofit sector and charitable giving model
The model tests whether the theory predicts the cross-sectional variation accurately in individual charitable giving. The model is tested using a new data set that includes data from 25 countries, which comprise non-European and the developing countries. The model found that the social origins theory poorly predicts the individual giving behavior in the developed nations and doesn’t give an explanation to government policies for the nonprofit sector in third world countries. However, governments of these countries in spite of being aware of the benefits of the nonprofit sector but challenged by the sector’s potential role with the state, have indefinitely taken the corporatist approach to the nonprofit sector. They, therefore, encourage its development but trying to keep it under state control.

Relevance to nonprofit
However, under the model, the importance of the social origin theory is that the nonprofits have a crucial role in the society. The nonprofit organizations are of essential importance for the country, and they are involved in the contribution of the country revenues to the state through individual workers tax. The non-profits organization have been contributing to the society positively and saving lives of the citizens who get access to their services. As per the model, the governments undermines the nonprofit organizations, and they should not be doing that to them. However, the government should encourage the agencies and support them to continue providing their services to the people. It is yet the citizens who get benefits from those services. The body should be offered support by the government to sustain themselves so that they continue to provide the services to the state. It is the state who however benefits as they find it easy to gain support in times of need from the organizations.

Own view
The theory, however, predicts that the individual giving behavior in the developed countries is poor. The countries have seen that the social organizations have a more significant role in the society and have many contributions to the community. The state, however, goes ahead to restrict the agencies from having policies which the organizations should operate. The government should enable a free will to the organizations as long as they provide services to the society. The developed countries have strong social organizations that are involved in all the social issues of the citizens. The social institutions should be given priority to offer their services to the society of which it is the people of the county that benefit.

The Swedes support to human rights and Austrians donate to environmental protection
The statement is related to the social origin theory. The Swedes use social origins theory, together with economic theories of crowding out and popular confidence in government. The aim is to predict cross-national variation in charitable giving. They use data from the European Social Survey to test hypotheses retrieved from these theories. However, they find that residents of the Nordic social democratic states typically give more to human rights and humanitarian aid. They contribute yet less to social and health causes the same way social origins theory predicts. The approach helps in the realization of the importance of the human rights.

The relevance of the model to non-profit organizations
However, under the model, the human rights of the people have to be taken care of by the government. The government gives less concern to the organization that is involved in the social work, and they fail to understand the importance of the organizations to the society. The model, however, discourages the teams to offer their services to the community. They have to give the society chance to exercise their mandate to the people who they have to provide their services.

Own explanation of the model
The human rights must be taken care of by the state. The rights of the people are essential, and therefore all the people get themselves involved in the welfare of making the people have a right living. The nonprofit organizations engage themselves in the services which help to safeguard the lives of the people and enable them to get services when they are in need. Charitable giving is essential, and however, the people will benefit adequately. The nonprofit organizations are involved in services that enhance the providing of services to the citizens of a country. The citizens of the Nordic social democratic states give more to human rights and humanitarian aid, and less to social and health causes. They provide a much weight to the human rights and tend to offer little to the social causes. The model, however, is excellent as the human rights keep the country moving while the social issue arises at times and affects only small numbers. The how global marketization trends cause the nonprofit sector and welfare countries in the Nordic countries to become similar to the rest of Europe in the future. The model focuses on the case of Finland which applies social origins theory to a single nation and shows how the future of Finland will likely differ from the past. The social democratic history of Finland has led the country to have a steady welfare state. However, the current global trends toward the marketization of social welfare services have prompted Finland to outsource social welfare services to the nonprofits organizations, and church. The model is all about the future of the social origins theory. In the future time, the social origins theory will be represented well as the people have more to offer and are being recognized more by the state.

The relevance of the model
The model tries to give an overview of the future of the social organizations. However, through their contribution to the society, they are likely to increase adversely. The social structure gives employment to very many people who are involved in the activities of the agencies. Moreover, the people working in these organizations get to contribute to their families, therefore, providing a means of survival for them. They help to create a lot of jobs every time a new organization has established. It is indeed imperative for the country to realize the contribution of the institutions and work towards providing a smooth working environment for them.

Own view
However, growth is the aim of every organization in every sector. In the social activities sector, yet, the organizations have the ambition of getting to provide their services to higher people and be able to reach as many people as possible. The marketing of the social organization should be boosted to ensure that they get more donors who should help them to get resources to serve more and more people. In the future, there will emerge more new marketing ways to enable the social organizations to have a greater view and help as many people as possible.

Conclusion
In summary, the social origins theory gave the advanced understanding of the cross-national differences in the non-profit sector. The theory, however, shows that the historical events had a strong effect on the present-day character and size of country’s nonprofit sector and their relationship with the state. The social theories, however, are used to study and interpret social phenomenon. Specific social theories attempt to be scientific, objective and even descriptive. The social origins of the nonprofit sector and charitable giving which tests whether the theory predicts the cross-sectional variation accurately in individual charitable giving.

References
Cabrera-Barona, P., Wei, C., & Hagenlocher, M. (2016). Multiscale evaluation of an urban deprivation index: Implications for quality of life and healthcare accessibility planning. Applied Geography, 70, 1-10.
Fiorino, N., & Ricciuti, R. (2007). Determinants of direct democracy.
Haslam, S. A., Cornelissen, J. P., & Werner, M. D. (2017). Metatheories and metaphors of organizational identity: integrating social constructionist, social identity, and social actor perspectives within a social interactionist model. International Journal of Management Reviews, 19(3), 318-336.
Ward, C., & Berno, T. (2011). Beyond social exchange theory: Attitudes toward tourists. Annals of Tourism Research, 38(4), 1556-1569.

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