The Cold War. Economic boom in America Essay
The Cold War. Economic boom in America
The Cold War
USA intervention in the Latin America was widespread during first third of the 2oth century. The global drive for united empires in the decades before World War I impelled the policy makers in America to introduce a proactive approach aimed at protecting American military strategic and economic interests in western hemisphere. The construction of Panama Canal and Spanish-American war replicated America’s response to the hazardous increment of worldwide rivalries which was initiated by colonialist inclination of that period. Measures such as Monroe rivalries to the Theodore Roosevelt’s corollary and the execution of “Dollar Diplomacy” accentuated American endeavors to accomplish predominance in the tactical outcome of its western hemisphere neighbors. The addition of morality of Woodrow Wilson provided a new facet to the American policy through incorporation of nation -building as a validation for the American policy in the area. The change in the political climate after World War I and anti-American backlash initiated a gradual turnaround of policy under president’s Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover and Warren Hardin. The establishment of Good neighbor policy by Franklin Roosevelt in 1934 depicted a strong commitment and passion towards using economic, less overt military and economic means purposed in supporting American political interest in a time when the Great Depression realities restrained the viability of employing armed interventions or holding up the occupations which were long- term (Gilchrist, 2005).
World war II had a great impact on the development of American labor relations since is interrupted the status quo of the united state’s economy. The employees were drafted; government permitted labor movement to impose closed membership in return for momentarily halting strikes and factories were transformed into war fronts. Production and labor struggled to return their status they were before this war but they were faced by many economic challenges. Factories were prompted to reorganize their facilities from war time production to the new consumer economy after war and Wages decreased due to sudden rise in number of employees from the war. Just after the war the labor negotiations ended in two specific laws namely Treaty of Detroit and Taft -Hartley Act. During and just after war the union membership increased tremendously. By 1945, approximately 11 million employees were related with unions where approximately a third of the workers were in one of six key unions namely the steel workers, the Teamsters, the carpenters, the miners, the Automobile workers and the machinists. Workers unions embraced this opportunity of increased number of workers and the largest strikes in American history which happened between 1945 and 1946.For instance, in spring 1946, both railroad workers and coal miners unions were engaging on strike and in return President Truman nationalized all the railroads. In 1946, when members of the railway union continued with their strike and Truman threatened replacing all the striking employees with Army and draft in all workers who were on strike and against the government into the united states armed forces (Cole, 2013).
There are numerous causes which contributed to the 1920’s economic boom in America. One of the causes of this boom was First World War where United States supplied many goods to Europe during this period and even they overtook the overseas markets in Europe. Also resources were readily available in United States at this period since many new items and products for consumers were being produced. Natural resources such as oil, coal, land and minerals were in plenty and they greatly assisted regarding to extra expansion (Cherry & Rodgers, 2000).
Some programs of New deal assisted the minorities and other African Americans to survive great depression but the programs insignificantly helped in addressing the racial discrimination and injustice. Some of these programs discriminated against the minorities actively where these mostly programs favored the Native Americans.
Most women were affected adversely by the depression which made their position economically to deteriorate. Their wages were inferior whenever they worked and more than 20% of women were unemployment in this era. One field in which women made advances was government since women were employed in any number of agencies of New Deal (Venn, 1998).
After WW1 the many individuals became isolationist and did not want to get implicated in a foreign war which did not concern them. However, after Pearl Harbor, everybody became conscious that this perception was wrong since war was brought to the United States and they could no longer continue ignoring involving themselves with this war. Prior to Pearl Harbor there were some individuals who wanted to involve themselves with this war in assisting our allies while others decided to stay out. There was no adequate support for this war to engage the United States. However, subsequent to Pearl Harbor the huge majority were ready to engage themselves in this war and only a few individuals who refused.
War manpower was mandated with the role of allocating manpower between defense industry, agriculture and armed forces. Office of war in formation was formed with an aim of motivating and informing the population. Role of Manhattan project which employed more than 120,000 Americans during WW II was producing the atomic bomb capable of causing massive destruction (Platt, 2009).
Cold war which took place from 1945-1953 was between Soviet Union and United states. Cold war was a struggle which involved ideologies and they ever attacked each other. One of the most unlikely battlefields was involving American culture and history. In cold war the totalitarianism was the greatest mobilizing concept. Cold war greatly influenced the international relations. United States gave support to anti-communist dictators since USA had a perception that reforms were inspired through communism. They also believed that Moscow had a plan to expand around the world and eventually invade USA. There was build-up of massive military where USA spent 4.5 trillion dollar on cold war. USSR was supporting capitalism therefore the huge struggle in this war was between socialism and capitalism. Postwar world Competing visions and ideologies, between soviet premier Joseph Stalin and U.S president Harry Truman, prevented these two leaders from working together (Harper, 2011).
Truman helped in creating IMF (international monetary fund) and World Bank. Truman also launched the marshal plan that became very successful in Western Europe. Iron curtain was introduced dividing west from East Europe. Eastern bloc was formed leading to Truman Doctrine to contain further spread of communism. America was not able to win in its struggle to stop capitalism however, it won the economic war (Harper, 2011).
Cherry, R. D., & Rodgers, W. M. (2000). Prosperity for all?: the economic boom and African Americans. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Gilchrist, K. J. (2005). A morning after war: C.S. Lewis and WWI. New York: P. Lang.
Harper, J. L. (2011). The Cold War. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Platt, R. (2009). WWII. London: Franklin Watts.
The Post-WWII American Labor Movement: A Struggle for Sheer Existence. (n.d.). US History Scene. Retrieved May 5, 2014, from
Venn, F. (1998). The New Deal. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.