Music 201

The opening of Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is probably both the briefest and the best known theme in all of music.
a. True

In his art song, “Erlkonig,” Schubert uses a repetitive rhythmic figure at the beginning to capture the constant forward movement of the pair on horseback and the sound of the hooves racing against time.
a. True

At the beginning of his career as a composer, Berlioz’s music was:
c. not understood.

Perhaps the single most remarkable aspect of music in the twentieth century is that for the first time:
d. listeners could hear music when and where they wanted to hear it.

Schoenberg searched for a new system of organizing music, and came up with a brand new concept of the 12-tone system.
a. True

A new spirit known as ___________ took hold in all of the arts and represented an abolishment of tradition and a quest for novelty.
c. modernism

At the end of “Erlkonig “:
d. the boy is seized by the Erlkonig and dies in the father’s arms just as they arrive at the doctor’s house.

Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs was a piano work composed by Louis Moreau Gottschalk which contained the following patriotic tunes:
a. “The Star Spangled Banner,” “Hail, Columbia,” and “Yankee Doodle”

Charles Ives once stated:
c. “beauty in music is too often confused with something that lets the ear lie back in an easy chair.”

Ragtime music:
a. was dance music., b. became immensely popular with the young people., c. was a foundation of jazz music., d. all of the above.***

Schoenberg was on the faculty of the University of Southern California and UCLA.
a. True

Arnold Schoenberg was:
a. an Austrian by birth who moved between Vienna and Berlin, finally emigrating to the United States when the Nazis assumed power in Germany.
b. born Jewish, converted to Christianity, and then returned to Judaism.
c. a neighbor of Shirley Temple and living just a few doors down from what would be O.J. Simpson’s house.
d. all of the above. ***

Antonin Dvorak wrote his String Quartet in F major, op. 96 in:
a. United States.

Charles Ives was the son of a:
b. Civil War bandmaster.

The numerous choral societies that sprang up across Europe were:
d. as much political as artistic.

The instrumentalists who created bebop wanted jazz to:
d. be treated as serious music for listening, rather than as frivolous entertainment for dancing.

In West Side Story, the balcony scene from Romeo and Juliet is transformed into a fire escape.
a. True

The royalties from Aaron Copland’s music go to his estate which funds a program that allows individual composers to spend six weeks in residence at his last home in Cortlandt, New York.
a. True

Debussy’s works that are now recognized as masterpieces were:
c. initially greeted with indifference or even scorn.

Many of the nineteenth century’s leading composers were themselves pianists, and they wrote extensively for that instrument.
a. True

In Einstein on the Beach, a great deal of the text is:
d. recited, with limited singing.

Great American musical composers include:
a. Jerome Kern, Richard Rodgers, and Allen Jay Lerner.

Women in the nineteenth century were widely encouraged to sing or play the piano, but were not accepted as composers.
a. True

During his lifetime, Beethoven was:
b. widely recognized as the greatest living composer of instrumental music.

The opening for Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony became an audible icon for the resolve of the allies to achieve victory in Europe.
a. True

In the end of Berlioz’s work, good triumphs over evil.
b. False

Technological innovations during the nineteenth century included:
a. telegraph, telephone, railroads and steamships.

Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique depicts an artist being led to his execution and the music even imitates the sound of:
c. his head falling into the bucket at the base of the guillotine.

Considering politics and music, communal singing became:
a. an important means of fostering solidarity among a diverse population.

Debussy’s Voiles reflects the growing globalization of music in the twentieth century.
a. True

Joplin spent the last years of his life working to:
c. get a full production of his opera Tremonisha staged in New York.

Mendelssohn’s overture contains sounds imitating a braying donkey and scurrying fairies.
a. True

In Wagner’s “Ring of the Nibelungs” the libretto draws heavily on northern European mythology, including many of the same sources used in:
d. Lord of the Rings.

Schubert’s “Erlkonig” was composed to meet the growing demand for music that could be played at:
c. home.

All of the most famous ragtime pianists read music.
b. False

Ellington’s compositions challenged the idea that jazz and classical music should be perceived and treated as two different types of art.
a. True

Charles Ives composed professionally, but sold insurance on the side so that his family could survive since nobody understood his music and the public did not recognize his genius.
b. False

No other single figure from his era did more to expand the possibilities of form, harmony, and timbre than Debussy.
a. True

Composers tried to make their music more “extreme” than previous eras by:
a. writing for bigger and louder orchestras., b. emphasizing extreme contrasts of texture., c. using program music, sometimes exploring the darker side., d. all of the above.***

Scott Joplin always wanted to be known as a classical composer.
a. True

Phillip Glass has written:
a. ten operas., b. large quantities of vocal and instrumental music., c. soundtracks for a number of films., d. all of the above.***

Louis Moreau Gottschalk wrote Union: Concert Paraphrase on National Airs as a response to the recent outbreak of World War II.
b. False

Gamelan music was always carefully notated so that all of the players would be exactly together.
b. False

Many of Berlioz’s contemporaries criticized him because his music was often:
d. too loud

Phillip Glass studied composition with Nadia Boulanger in Paris, who 40 years before had taught:
c. Aaron Copland.

Bebop was:
a. a new style of playing that used jazz combos instead of the big band ensembles., b. based upon improvisation., c. both A and B.**

In 1916, Scott Joplin recorded “Maple Leaf Rag” on:
d. a piano roll designed to be played on a player piano.

The blues were originally transmitted:
a. orally, without any formal notation

Stravinsky, like Schoenberg:
a. settled in California and began writing 12 tone music., c. was widely regarded as one of the century’s two greatest composers., d. both A and C.**

Debussy was intent on exploring musical timbre in much the same way that:
a. the French symbolist poets explored sound for sound’s sake.

A major movement during the Romantic era was:
c. Nationalism.

Which of the following is the title list for Berlioz’s five movements of the Symphonie Fantastique?
a. Dreams-Passions, A Ball, Scene in the Countryside, March to the Scaffold, Dream of a Witches’ Sabbath

The “feuding families” in West Side Story are represented by:
c. urban gangs called the Jets and the Sharks.

Many composers created new and entirely novel approaches to music by:
a. writing works without a tonal center or clear sense of meter., b. using the new electronically generated sounds., c. incorporating sounds from the music of non-Western cultures., d. all of the above.**

In Voiles, instead of clear themes, Debussy presents:
b. what sound more like fragments of themes than actual self-sufficient themes.

Berlioz was obsessed with:
a. a Shakespearian actress named Harriet Smithson.

John Cage carefully notated that each performance should be exactly 4 minutes and 33 seconds, and that it is to be “performed” by a pianist.
b. False

In his compositions, Debussy sought to create sounds that had never been heard.
a. True

Voiles provides the listener with:
b. almost no sense of a fixed metrical pattern.

The first movement of Beethoven’s Symphony No. 5 is in:
a. sonata form

One singer depicts a narrator and _____ characters in Schubert’s “Erlkonig.”
b. three: the father, son, and Erlkonig (death ghost)

Bartók was one of the first ethnomusicologists, meaning that he
a. notated and recorded the folk music of illiterate musicians

Dvorak felt inclined to show American composers how to incorporate the characteristic sound of folk music into their work.
a. True

Which of the following did Duke Ellington NOT do?
a. Directed opera at the Metropolitan Opera House

Pieces for solo voice and piano:
d. formed a major part of the domestic repertory.

Impressionistic artists were particularly interested in the effects of light on our perception of an object.
a. True

The real title of 4’33” when it was first performed in Woodstock, New York on August 29, 1952 was:
c. the total length in minutes and seconds of its performance.

Big Band fans found Bebop difficult to listen to because:
b. the music was dissonant with very fast tempos, radical new harmonies, and irregularly spaced accents with sporadic piano chords.

Beethoven wrote _____ symphonies.
c. 9

The piano is essentially a:
a. percussion instrument due to the striking of keys that activate hammers inside.

It was rumored that Robert Johnson died from being poisoned by the owner of a tavern where he was playing.
a. True

in addition to art songs, Schubert also wrote:
b. symphonies, piano sonatas, and dozens of works for chamber ensemble.

The predominant volume (dynamic level) of Debussy’s Voiles is very loud.
b. False

Bartók emigrated to the United States before World War I.
b. False

Most musicians and listeners heard the symphonies of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven performed more often in the:
b. home, played as arrangements for piano trio.

Aaron Copland captures the sounds of the American West in his ballet “Rodeo.”
a. True

Aaron Copland wrote the music for the American ballet:
d. Rodeo.

Gottschalk was the first American-born piano virtuoso to achieve international fame.
a. True

For the Romantic:
b. dreams were as important as the intellect.

A whole-tone scale has no half steps, eliminating a sense of tonal center.
a. True

Brahms “borrowed” the theme for the finale to Symphony no. 4 from:
b. Bach’s Cantata no. 150

Romantic music stressed:
c. emotion, imagination, and individuality.

Hemiola is:
c. syncopation where patterns of two and three occur together.

One of the traditions during this era of ragtime was a “cutting” contest in which:
d. two ragtime players attempted to outplay each other by adding virtuosic embellishments.

Einstein on the Beach is an opera with very little singing and no plot.
a. True

Neoclassicism was:
b. an attempt to incorporate past styles into a contemporary idiom.

Chopin had a passion for Poland, and he wrote national dances such as the polonaise and mazurkas to demonstrate his love for this country.
a. True

Jazz did not use any syncopation or improvisation.
b. False

Minimalist music tends to unfold across long periods and relies on the passage of time to create an almost trance-like state in the mind of the listener.
a. True

Gamelan gong kebyar involves vertically hung gongs, which are struck to mark off fixed beats within the metric structure of the piece.
a. True

Charlie Parker’s nickname was:
a. Yardbird.

By the middle of the 19th Century, pianos were:
c. produced in mass quantities in large factories and were more affordable than before.

Duke Ellington was born and raised in New Orleans.
b. False

Arnold Schoenberg developed:
a. the 12 Tone Series.

The text of Schubert’s “Erlkonig” is a poem written in the 1780s by:
d. Goethe.

During Schubert’s lifetime, Lieder were meant to be performed:
c. in the home, frequently at a salon gathering.

Schoenberg developed:
a. the 12-Tone Series as a compositional technique.

The opening melody, and the one that keeps returning in Hoe-Down, is a traditional fiddle tune called:
b. “Bonaparte’s Retreat.”

Dvorak creates a “folk-like” sound by:
b. using fewer than the standard seven diatonic scale.

Cage was profoundly influenced by:
a. Zen Buddhism.

Wagner’s operas are full of social and political ideas.
a. True

Minimalists, such as Philip Glass, were interested in the hypnotic quality of the repeated melodic fragments and interlocking patterns that are created by the gamelan.
a. True

Like Mozart and Beethoven, Schubert did much of his work in:
b. Vienna.

Charles Ives once told a scribe who was trying to correct the dissonant sounds in his score, “Please don’t try to make things nice. All the wrong notes are right.”
a. True

Chopin advised young pianists to listen carefully and often to:
d. great singers.

Which American composer was a successful insurance salesman who composed as a hobby?
d. Ives

During the Civil War, as with soldiers today, music provided:
a. an important emotional outlet for soldiers in the field and their families back home., b. a source of comfort and inspiration., c. entertainment., d. all of the above. *

Sheet music was one of the most lucrative parts of the music business at the end of the nineteenth century.
a. True

Berlioz wrote his personal life into his music.
a. True

The pace of musical change:
b. increased dramatically in the twentieth century.

In the “12-Tone-Series,” rows could be played:
a. forward or backward., b. inverted or retrodgrade (which is inverted and backwards)., c. and transposed to start on different pitches., d. all of the above. **

In the early 1990s, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association and Beef Board began using Copland’s version of Hoe-Down as the backdrop for a series of television commercials with the tagline:
b. “Beef: It’s What’s for Dinner.”

John Cage studied composition with Arnold Schoenberg in Los Angeles.
a. True

Fanny Mendelssohn faced two major obstacles which were:
c. the immense fame of her younger brother and being a female.

In traditional opera, the orchestra supports the voice. In Wagner’s opera the:
d. two blend as a single unit.

Beethoven originally was going to dedicate his Symphony no. 3, to Napoleon, but became disillusioned when he crowned himself Emperor of France. The symphony was titled:
c. Eroica

Country blues are also called “whiny blues” and feature a male singer accompanying himself on the banjo.
b. False

Debussy was born during the U.S. Civil War and died a few months before the end of the Vietnam War.
b. False

Clara Wieck Schumann’s song “Forward!” was:
a. written as a birthday present for her husband., b. political in nature., d. both A and B. **

Cage once declared:
c. Everything we do is music.

Joplin and Stark called his pieces _____________ in an attempt to make them sound more refined than other ragtime pieces.
d. classic rags

Over the course of his career, Scott Joplin published approximately 80 pieces, including several of the best-known ragtime works.
a. True

The text states that Verdi’s La Traviata exemplifies the best elements of nineteenth century Italian opera, showcasing the voice and using the orchestra sparingly.
a. True