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History ch.13

in the 2 industrial revolution, what led the way to new industrial frontiers
steel, chemicals,electricity, and petroleum

by 1914, trade unions had
bettered both the living and working conditions of the working class

although they made up only 5% of the population in the early 1900s, which class controlled 30 to 40 percent of wealth
the new elite

What was the name of the legislative assemble created by czar Nicholas II
DUMA

according to Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity,
if all material things disappear out of the universe, time and space would disappear with them

symbolists believed that the world was a collection of symbols, distinct monads.
reflected the true reality, which was the individual human mind

functionalism was the idea of
buildings, like the production of machines, should be useful and lack unnecessary ornamentation

the internal-combustion engine gave rise to
automobiles, airplanes, and improved ocean liners

the principle of ministerial responsibility is the idea that
the prime minister is responsible to the popularity elected legislative body and not to the executive offer

according to Sigmund Freud, human behavior
strongly determined by repressed experiences

steel, chemicals, electricity, petroleum
What elements made possible the second industrial revolution

according to Marx, the means of production were owned by
the ruling class oppressors

the second international was
an association of socialist groups

the under-industrialized nations of southern and eastern europe
provided food and raw materials for the industrial countries

compulsory elementary education eventually created a new demand for all of the following except
religious freedom

public education helped make people
more patriotic

urban populations grew for all of the following except
the desire to return to nature

the new wealthy elite in europe consisted of aristocrats and
industrialists, bankers, and merchants

the european middle classes tended to believe in the ideals of
hard work and moral conduct

Russia opposed Austria-Hungary over the 1908 annexation of
Bosnia

The principle of ministrerial responsibility states that
the prime minister is responsible to the legislative, not executive, body

what do Monet, Renoir, Morisot, and van Gogh have in common
they were all impressionist or post impressionist paintore

Einstein’s theory of relativity stated that
space and time relative to the observer

according to Freud, human experience was strongly determined by
past experiences

Einstein’s theories led to all of the following conclusions except
Gene manipulation is possible

Scientific discoveries in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries
Increased uncertainly about the universe

Florence Nightingale and Clara Barton transformed —- into a profession of trained middle-class women
Nursing

—- are people who advocate the extension of political rights, such as voting rights.
Suffragist

Between 1890 and 1914, higher-paying jobs in industry made it possible for working-class families to depend on the income of —- alone
Husbands

The —- created the customs surrounding the family Christmas, including the Yule log, tree, songs, and gift exchange
Victorians

Throughout the 1800s, the —- declined, proving to be the most significant development in the modern family
Birth rate

Freud used —- to probe the past experiences and the memories of a patient
Psychoanalysis

Marie Curie discovered that an element called —- have off atomic energy
Radium

The Newtonian view held that matter was composed of solid material bodies called —-
Atoms

The ideas of social Darwinism led Houston Stewart Chamberlain to believe that Germans were the only pure descendants of the —-
Aryans

Anti-Semetic feelings surfaced during the trial of French Captain Alfred —-
Dreyfus

According to Karl Marx, the —- or working class, was oppressed by the middle class
Proletariat

—- founded the Female Association for the Care of the Poor and the Sick in Hamburg, Germany
Sieveking

—- sent the first radio waves across the Atlantic in 1901
Marconi

Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughters founded the —- and Political Union
Women’s social

—- discovery of radium changed the worlds view of the atom
Marie curie

Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were members of the —-
Triple alliance

By 1871 Great Britain had a two party system, the —- and —-
Liberals and conservatives

—- was the name of the legislative assembly created by czar Nicholas II
Duma

The alliance between Great Britain, Russia, and France was known as the —-
Triple entente

—- were Marxist who rejected the revolutionary approach in favor of a more political approach
Revisionist

In the early 1900s —- of the European population belonged to the working class
80%

—- was a post impressionist painter from whom art was a spiritual experience
Vincent Van Gogh

One form of Marxist socialism was eventually called —-
Communism

—- was the stronger military and industrial power in Europe by 1888
Germany

The internal —- engine provided a new source of power in transportation
Combustion

—- published major new theories on human behavior in the Interpretation of Dreams
Sigmund Freud

—- was an impressionist painter that sought to capture he interplay of light, water and sky
Claude Monet

The Communist Manifesto was written by —- and Frederick Engels
Karl Marx

—- developed the special theory of relativity
Albert Einstein

Pablo Picasso created the style of pairing called —-
Cubism

4 things the second industrial revolution brought in
Steel
Chemicals
Petroleum
Electricity

3 forms of energy electricity can be converted into
Heat
Light
Motion

4 territories the US takes control of
Hawaii
Guam
Philippines
Puerto rico

Anti- semitism
Hostility and discrimination against Jews

Zionism
Movement where Jews emigrated to escape execution

Darwinism
The strongest man survived

Van Gogh
Starry Starry Night

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