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Chapter 25 Cold War review

McCarthyism
Term implying bullying tactics, reckless charges, and unsubstantiated evidence

Limited War
War to achieve specific goals rather than the total defeat of the enemy

Arms Race
Never ending effort to acquire more powerful weapons than one’s enemy

Red Scare
Fear of communists, both outside and within the United States

Mutually assured destruction
Overabundance of weapons that would result in total destruction

Eisenhower Doctrine
U.S. policy to use force to help countries in the Middle East fend off communism

Douglas MacArthur
General in command of U.S. forces in the Korean War

George Kennan
U.S. diplomat who wanted to contain communism within its current borders

Satellite State
Weaker country under the control of a stronger country

Julius Rosenberg
American convicted and executed for passing nuclear secrets to the Soviets

Economic differences between the United States and Soviet Union
What best describes the underlying causes of the Cold War?

The two sides did not engage each other directly in a military conflict
Why was the conflict between the Soviet Union and the United States described as a “Cold War?

The communists led by Mao Zedong defeated the Nationalists
In 1949 what was the outcome of the civil war in China?

Fought together with US troops against North Korea
In the Korean War, United Nations forces?

He thought it would lead to an arms race
Why did Albert Einstein oppose development of a hydrogen bomb?

1917-1920
At what period before World War II had there been a Red Scare?

Communists
HUAC was created in 1938 to investigate possible subversive activities by

1990
The United States stockpiled more than 10,000 nuclear weapons by about 1971. When did the Soviet Union reach the same number of nuclear weapons?

The end of the 1980s
When did stockpiles of strategic nuclear weapons begin to decline in the United States?

Anti US sentiment
A consequence of covert CIA operations in Iran in the 1950s was?

Satellite States
The Eastern European countries of Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria, as well as the eastern portion of Germany

Iron Curtain
Referring to a map of Europe, Churchill noted that has descended across the Continent

Truman Doctrine
President Truman’s promise to aid nations struggling against communist movements

Containment
Article presented a blueprint for the American policy

Marshall Plan
Provided a vivid example of how US aid could serve the ends of both economic and foreign policy

38th Parallel
The dividing line of latitude

Suez crisis
Britain and France used the excuse to seize control of the Suez Canal

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