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Chap 26 Sec 5, Chap 28 Sec 1Questions

a growing class of factory and railroad workers, miners, and urban wage earners
proletariat

liberated young women of the Jazz Age
flappers

an artistic movement that attempts to portray the workings of the unconscious
surrealism

Which of the following groups seized complete control of Russia in 1917?
the Bolsheviks

Who was the leader of the Bolsheviks in 1917 during the November revolution?
V.I. Lenin.

During the three-year long civil war in Russia, the “White” armies were composed of
tsarist officers, democrats, and other anti-Bolsheviks.

What was a result of prohibition, which was made law in the United States in 1919?
an increase in organized crime

In 1928, Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming discovered
penicillin.

Which of the following could be described as a conservative reaction to the rapid changes in society in the United States after World War I?
the Scopes trial

Sigmund Freud’s method of studying how the mind words and treating mental disorders is called
psychoanalysis.

Which of the following was a result of the work of Marie Curie and Albert Einstein?
the discovery of atomic fission

Suppose industrialization had come to Russia at roughly the same time as it did to Western Europe. How do you think this might have affected the ability of radicals to bring about revolution in 1917?
Industrialization in Western Europe contributed to the growth of the middle class. Had Russia not been so slow to industrialize, its middle class might also have been larger and more powerful by the turn of the 20th century. In such a case, it is possible that more Russians would have had an interest in maintaining the status quo or implementing gradual change. Instead, most Russians were impoverished peasants largely controlled by a small group of landowners, priests, and the tsar. Had living conditions not been so wretched for so many, and had the Russian people been able to exercise more political power, radicals may not have been able to overthrow the government so easily.

Many new scientific theories and discoveries were made in the years following World War I. Which do you think was the most important? Explain your answer.
I think that Alexander Fleming’s discovery of penicillin was the most important scientific discovery of the post-World War I era. Penicillin paved the way for the development of antibiotics, which are used to treat a wide variety of infections around the world. This has had a profound effect. For most of human history, infectious diseases killed more people than warfare. Because of Fleming’s discovery, millions of lives have been saved, and average life spans have increased. That is why it is the most significant breakthrough of the period.

Identify the relationships between stream of consciousness technique in literature, the surrealist movement in art, and the theories of Sigmund Freud. What assumptions about human behavior do all three share?
The stream of consciousness technique in literature, the surrealist movement in art, and the theories of Sigmund Freud all focus on the workings of the inner mind, which often appear to be irrational. All three views question logic and reason and suggest that the subconscious mind drives much of human behavior. Indeed, stream of consciousness writers, Freudians, and surrealists would probably argue that people often do not understand why they behave the way they do.

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