What are figured bass and basso continuo? How are they related?
musical notation using numbers to indicate chords, intervals, and other aspects in relation to the bass note of the music. Continuo is the harmony of the music.
What is ornamentation?
Ornamentation is the use of non-necessary musical flourishes, such as trills and grace notes, to the basic melody or harmony.
What is an oratorio? How does it differ from an opera?
An oratorio is a large-scale composition, including soloists, choirs, and orchestras. It did not use scenery in the performance like an opera and . Also, history and mythology, using themes of romance and deception while oratorios were usually on sacred topics.
What is an orchestra? How did the development of orchestras influence Baroque music?
Orchestra’s are larger instrumental ensembles or groups that contain brass, string, percussion, and woodwind instruments. The developement of orchestras motivated the composers of the baroque period to write specifically for orchestras and made an influence on the types of instruments being created.
What is an instrumental suite?
An instrumental suite is a series of dances. Different parts of an instrument suite include; Prelude, Allemande, Courante, Sarabande, & Gigue .
Critical Thinking Questions
What are the characteristics of Baroque music? How would you describe Baroque music?
Figured Bass, basso continuo.
Choose one of the composers discussed in the unit and listen to several of the composer’s works. Which works did you listen to? How would you describe this composer’s music? Why do you think this composer was an influential figure in Baroque music?
Antonio Vivaldi, Four Seasons, Spring, Its very creative and pleasant . I think Vivaldi was an influential figure in baroque music because his music was innovative & he brightened the formal and rhythmic structure of the concerto, in which he looked for harmonic contrasts and innovative melodies and themes.
How did composers and musicians think about themselves during the Baroque period? How did this influence the music that they created?
composers and musicians thought of themselves more as craftsmen than artists. It made their music more unique because
What advantages and disadvantages did Baroque composers have in the patronage system? What did they gain from this practice? What limitations did it place on them?
Baroque music often tried to capture and reflect a particular emotion or feeling. Choose one of the musical works in the unit. Identify the work that you chose. What feeling or emotion is the composer trying to capture or reflect in the work? What aspects of the music lead you to this emotion or feeling?