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Albert Einstein

Introduction: He developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics). Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass-energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed “the world’s most famous equation”). He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his “services to theoretical physics”, in particular his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect, a pivotal step in the evolution of quantum theory.
On the US:He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and, being Jewish, did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming an American citizen in 1940.
On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential development of “extremely powerful bombs of a new type” and recommending that the U.S. begin similar research. Einstein supported defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced the idea of using the newly discovered nuclear fission as a weapon.

Nuclear fission is a nuclear process. It is when an atom splits apart into smaller atoms. The process gives off a lot of energy, and is used in nuclear weapons and nuclear reactors.
Nowadays the nuclear reactor are used to electric energy generation

Work
Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. Among which are:
1. Thermodynamic fluctuations and statistical physics. Albert Einstein’s first paper submitted in 1900
2. Theory of relativity equation E = mc² was received on 30 June 1905 and published 26 September of that same year.
3. Photons and energy quanta, Einstein postulated in 1905, but his idea only became universally accepted in 1919.

4. Quantized atomic vibrations, in 1907.
5. Zero-point energy was made in 1913 in collaboration with Otto Stern.
6. Albert Einstein developed general relativity and the equivalence principle between 1907 and 1915. General relativity has developed into an essential tool in modern astrophysics.

Among others formed as a part of Einstein’s investigation.

Other investigations
Einstein conducted other investigations that were unsuccessful and abandoned. Special relativity, superconductivity, gravitational waves, black holes, among others.
Collaboration with other scientists
In addition to longtime collaborators Leopold Infeld, Nathan Rosen, Peter Bergmann and others, Einstein also had some one-shot collaborations with various scientists.

Awards and honors
• In 1922, Albert Einstein was awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics.
• In 1925 the Royal Society awarded Einstein the Copley Medal.
• In 1929, Max Planck presented Einstein with the Max Planck medal of the German Physical Society in Berlin, for extraordinary achievements in theoretical physics.
• In 1934 Einstein gave the Josiah Willard Gibbs lecture.
• In 1936, Einstein was awarded the Franklin Institute’s Franklin Medal for his extensive work on relativity and the photo-electric effect
10 things you don’t know about Albert Einstein:
10. Loved to Sail: When Einstein attended college at the Polytechnic Institute in Zurich, Switzerland, he fell in love with sailing. He would often take a boat out onto a lake, pull out a notebook, relax, and think.
9. Einstein’s Brain: When Einstein died in 1955, his body was cremated and his ashes scattered. The pathologist Thomas Harvey at Princeton Hospital conducted an autopsy in which he removed Einstein’s brain and didn’t put back in his body.
8. Einstein and the Violin: Einstein’s mother, Pauline, was an accomplished pianist and wanted her son to love music too, so she started him on violin lessons when he was six years old. Einstein continued to play the violin until the last few years of his life.
7. Presidency of Israel: A few days after Zionist leader and first President of Israel Chaim Weizmann died on November 9, 1952, Einstein was asked if he would accept the position of being the second president of Israel. Einstein, age 73, declined the offer.
6. No Socks:Part of Einstein’s charm was his disheveled look. In addition to his uncombed hair, one of Einstein’s peculiar habits was to never wear socks.
Albert Einstein Phrases:
1. Learn from yesterday, live for today, hope for tomorrow. The important thing is not to stop questioning.
2. Look deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.
3. The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.
4. We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them.
5. The difference between stupidity and genius is that genius has its limits.
6. A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.
7. Education is what remains after one has forgotten what one has learned in school.

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