AB_emilen_Ch31

To what extent is life a struggle between continuity and change?

Evaluate scientific artistic, social and technological changes.

Albert Einstein
Scientist who developed the theory of relativity
-Manhattan Project with Pres.Roosevelt, atomic bomb

theory of relativity
Idea that as moving objects approach the speed of light, space and time become relative

Sigmund Freud
Physician who exposed the workings of the unconscious mind

existentialism
Philosophy that says each person must make meaning in a world that has no universal meaning

Friedrich Nietzsche
German philosopher who dismissed reason, democracy, and progress as empty ideas

surrealism
Art movement in which a dreamlike world, outside of reality, is portrayed or evoked

jazz
Lively, loose form of popular music developed in the United States

Charles Lindbergh
First person to fly alone across the Atlantic

1. What were Einstein’s and Freud’s new ideas?
Einstein’s idea was the theory of relatively and Freud’s idea was the idea of psychoanalysis and consciousness.

2. What is existentialism?
Existentialism is the idea that there is no universal meaning of the world.

3. What two new styles arose in the visual arts?
The new music style was jazz and the new art form was surrealism which showed a dreamlike existence such as Pablo Picasso
3. What two new styles arose in the visual arts?

4. In what ways was society more open?
Women’s role started to change since they started to work and young people were questioning traditional ways.

5. What major changes came about in travel and entertainment?
There are cars that more people can afford. There is air travel using airplanes and in terms of entertainment, people are watching movies and there is radio as well. -Marconi

Explain postwar Europe, Weimar Republic and Great Depression.
There are economic problems, high inflation, no allies, politically weak, socially blamed.

coalition government
Temporary alliance of several political parties

Weimar Republic
Government of Germany after World War I

Great Depression
Severe economic downturn that followed the collapse of the U.S. stock market in 1929

Franklin D. Roosevelt
President of the United States during the Depression
-President Hoover, during the Roaring 20’s he ignored the financial problems, Hoovervilles

New Deal
Roosevelt’s program for creating jobs and improving the American economy
-Public works, more jobs to the people, everyone was hired
-You get Money-Get Food- Owner gets Money- Government gets money

1. Why was the postwar situation in Germany especially bad?
The postwar situation in Germany was bad because it had no political allies, its economy was down, inflation was on the rise and socially, nationalism was on the decline.

2. What caused the Great Depression?
The U.S banks able not able to lend money, imports and exports are threatened and tax is on the rise, there is also unemployment.

3. How did the United States meet the crisis?
The U.S president F.D.R created the new deal giving people jobs to build many dams, bridges and such. Farmers and Businesses are getting loans from the government.